Open Courseware and Resources

- Geology: science and study of the solid matter that constitutes the Earth including rocks, soil, and gemstones. Geology studies the composition, structure, physical properties, history, and the processes that shape Earth's components.

Virtual Courseware Project

interactive, online simulations for earth science field studies: Earth and Environmental Sciences (Interactive simulations and tutorials on global warming and seismology. Ahora tenemos una versión española del Terremoto), Geology Labs Online (Interactive tutorials on isochron and radiocarbon dating, river discharge and flooding, and earthquake epicenter and magnitude determination)

Basics of Impact Cratering & Geological, Geophysical, Geochemical, Environmental Studies of Some Impact Craters of the Earth

basic principles of impact cratering, application of analytical tools, geological, geochemical and environmental studies: projects


mechanics of deformation of the crust and mantle, with emphasis on the importance of different rheological descriptions (brittle, elastic, linear and nonlinear fluids, viscoelastic): readings

Introduction to Mineralogy

Mineral Definition & Properties, Classification, Physical Properties, Environments, Crystal Systems & Classes, Point & Space Groups, Crystal Structures, Coordination, Structure and stoichiometry, X-rays, powder diffraction, Density, optics, Birefringence & Pleochroism, Indicatrix, Biaxial Interference figures, Light, Biaxial Indicatrix, Isotropic, Phase Diagrams, Classification, Uniaxial Mineral, Systematic Mineralogy, Native Elements, Sulfides, Halides, Oxides, Hydroxides, Carbonates, Systematic Descriptive Mineralogy, Sulfates, Phosphates

Engineering Geology

Geologic Structures, Maps and Stratigraphic Sections, Remote Sensing, Properties of Minerals, Crystallography and Optical Properties, Chemical Characteristics, Types of Rocks & Soils, Igneous Rocks, Stress-Strain Behavior, Tunneling, Dam Construction, Groundwater, Plate Tectonics, Earthquake Hazard Assessment, Geologic Hazards, Preparation of Geologic Sections, Index testing of soil & rocks, Identification of minerals and rock samples

Isotope Geochemistry

nucleosynthetic processes and the isotopic abundances of the elements, geochronology and cosmochronology using radioactive decay schemes, use of radiogenic and stable isotopes in petrology and their application to study of the evolution of the crust and mantle, isotopic evidence regarding formation of Earth & solar system, stable isotopes and their use in geothermometry, ore petrogenesis, paleontology, global climate system

Historical Geology Online Laboratory Manual

Relative Dating, Rocks and Minerals, Weathering of Rocks & Formation of Sediment, Data Table for Sand Samples, Sedimentary (Rocks, Rock Classification Table, Structures, Depositional Environments, Classification Chart), Stratigraphy & Lithologic Correlation, Invertebrate macrofossils, Fossil Preservation, Microfossils, Biostratigraphy Evolution, Evolution of Vertebrates, Interpreting Geologic History from Maps

Structural Geology

ways to recognize and characterize major structures in the earth's crust and gain insight into how these structures form, understanding crustal structures, techniques for determining the sequence in which structures form, macroscopic & microscopic structures

Physical Geology

physical and chemical processes that occur on and within the Earth, sources of energy that drive these processes, how these processes have given rise to present state of Earth through time, how they continue to act to affect our everyday lives: Minerals, Igneous Rocks, Volcanoes, Weathering and Soils, Sedimentary & Metamorphic Rocks, Deformation, Earthquakes & Earth's Interior, Geological Time, Changing Face of Land, Mass Wasting, Our Changing Planet, Global Tectonics Energy & Minerals


mechanics of deformation of the crust and mantle, emphasis on the importance of different rheological descriptions (brittle, elastic, linear and nonlinear fluids, viscoelastic)

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