Miscellaneous

Presentation Advice from 14 of My Favorite Presenters

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - 1 hour 6 min ago

Dan Meyer, DyDan, Apr 28, 2017

Some of the advice in this post is pretty good, but not all of it (though to be fair it's a matter of perspective). Some speakers have a single presentation they rehearse and hone over time. But my own style (and to be frank, the style I prefer to watch as well) is to create a new presentation every time. This is where some of the best advice in the post comes in. Like any speaker, I have a large supply of ideas, explanations, stories, etc (comedians would call them 'bits') and I draw on these as needed. But every presentation needs a single 'big idea' and this I think is the thing that should be different, where possible, for each talk. 

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Exploring the Deep Web: A Knowledge Vs Comfort Dilemma

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - 7 hours 4 min ago

Ludovico Ristori, Digicult, Apr 28, 2017

The thesis of this article is that the deep web isn't all bad, and that though it contains quite a bit that actually is bad, it is nonetheless worth exploring. "Probably the real interesting element of DW is that it obligates you to choose a personal way of exploring. You can make a lot of different choices and you are, actually, put face to face with your real nature of student, researcher or simple citizen.  Are you ready to risk something to know or understand something?" This is a a bit of a travelogue of the deep web, and a bit of an homage to it.

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What is online learning? Seeking definition

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Thu, 04/27/2017 - 20:18

Tony Bates, online learning and distance education resources, Apr 28, 2017

Tony Bates is in the process of running a national survey about online and distance education (which launched today) and in the process resorted to some arbitrary definitions of key terms, which he shares here. It really raises some concerns for me. First of all, it's all about courses, nothing else. Despite the headline we don't learn what 'online learning' really is. And the institutional perspective is deep (not surprising since only institutions (specifically, their provosts or VPs education) are surveyed). This shows in the very odd definition of MOOC, given as "No fee (except possibly for an end of course certificate); the courses are open to anyone: there is no requirement for prior academic qualifications in order to take the course; the courses are not for credit." The third point is especially irrelevant to the definition of a MOOC.

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New Mexico Gov. Martinez vetoes higher education funding. All of it.

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Thu, 04/27/2017 - 19:31

Valerie Strauss, Washington Post, Apr 28, 2017

So what happens when public funding for higher education is eliminated? Nothing good, I would expect.   That's what's happening in New Mexico. "New Mexico Gov. Susana Martinez has vetoed higher education funding. All of it — and the legislature cannot override her veto." It's such a contrast with, say, Germany, which has eliminated tuition fees for everyone and is seeing the benefits  from that. How does that compare  with New Mexico? Via Education Dive. Meanwhile, Purdue University is in a deal  to acquire privately-held Kaplan University and convert it to  a  new nonprofit institution. Phil Hill interviews Trace Urdan. Here's more  on the Kaplan purchase (and more from Urdan, who reported in his newsletter last week that his position as an education analyst at Credit Suisse was recently terminated due to low activity in the field).

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Categories: Miscellaneous

Should We Stop with the Commenting Already?

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Thu, 04/27/2017 - 19:13

Angela Cochran, The Scholarly Kitchen, Apr 28, 2017

I get the feeling that publishers really dislike crowd-sourced and post-publication peer review.  Angela Cochran writes that "one thing became clear:   crowdsourced peer review = post publication peer review = online commenting." She then tags these forms of peer review with all the baggage of internet commenting: anonymity, trolls, irrelevance, and more. Part of it is a little bit justified: "Crowdsourced means open to all. Peer review means restricted to peers. We already have a problem with the concept." Fair enough. But the list of reviewers can be limited by any number of means (if I started a journal, the reviewers would be those people who have previously published in the journal (beginning with me)). And beyond that, no, review is  not the same as commenting.

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Stop killing your social stories with bad headlines and images

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Thu, 04/27/2017 - 12:03

Ryan Craggs, Columbia Journalism Review, Apr 28, 2017

Writing on the internet today requires a clarity and precision beyond anything required in the print world, because you do not have an exclusive hold over your reader while they're reading. This is essentially the message in this post from Columbia Journalism Review, and while there's a fine line between good headline writing and clickbait, I think  Ryan Craggs hits the mark here. People want to know the significant of a story, they want to know who is involved, and  they want to see justice (or at least feel outrage over injustice).

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Categories: Miscellaneous

The Essential Underpinnings Of Shifting to ‘Modern Learning’

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Wed, 04/26/2017 - 21:52

Katrina Schwartz, KQED, Apr 28, 2017

It's nice to get an update of what  Will Richardson and Bruce Dixon are up to these days. Still focused on schools, Richardson and Dixon have  "catalogued the ingredients they believe are necessary to make the kind of change they hope all districts will embrace in a white paper" (21 page PDF). " it is the modern learner’ s newfound capability to take full control of his  or her learning that is THE educational shift of our times," they write. "Create a vision for classrooms where innovation and inquiry are at the core instead of at the edges. Make time for regular discussions on what changes are happening, and reflect on how to make new systems and practices in school more sustainable."

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Creating learning experiences, and spaces, for future students

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Wed, 04/26/2017 - 21:34

Lawrie Phipps, JISC, Apr 28, 2017

It could be that I was working on personal learning environments a decade too early. Take this as a description of the next generation learning environment, for example: "The business school’ s intention is to create an online space that is less like a content repository and that becomes a dynamic, adaptive space where students take control of their own learning." Or from the OU: "It won’ t look like anything. Instead, it’ ll be a series of spaces and application programming interfaces (APIs) so that it won’ t be a thing in itself."

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Categories: Miscellaneous

Digital Identities & Digital Citizenship: Houston, We Have a Problem

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Wed, 04/26/2017 - 20:41

Bonnie Stewart, the theoryblog, Apr 28, 2017

thought I had already posted this last week, but apparently not. I tweeted  at the time, "I read this as Bonnie Stewart running smack-dab into 'groups versus networks' and opting for groups." Stewart summarizes, "digital identity, as a practice, operates  counter  to the collaboration and cooperation that need to be part of digital citizenship." Read the  excellent 75 page slide deck pursuing that idea. There's a line of argumentation there to the effect that there is a duty of care  that is not recognized by digital identity. Or to employ Chris Lott's  "Explain it Like I am Five" version, "we don’ t make a better society just by making ourselves better." I think this is an impoverished account of identity, digital or otherwise. The only way to make ourselves better is to make society better. It's not an ethical thing. It's not a citizenship thing. It's a practical thing.

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Un-Annotated

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Wed, 04/26/2017 - 20:32

Audrey Watters, Hack Education, Apr 28, 2017

Audrey Watters has posted that she will now be blocking web annotations  from Genius  and those from Hypothes.is. These are web browser plugins that allow people to share comments on web pages as they browse. She writes, "This isn’ t simply about trolls and bigots threatening me (although yes, that is a huge part of it); it’ s about extracting value from my work and shifting it to another (for-profit) company which then gets to control (and monetize) the conversation." Here's the blocker script

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The rise and rise of Mastodon

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Wed, 04/26/2017 - 20:01

Eugen Rochko, Medoum, Apr 28, 2017

The developer of Mastodon,  Eugen Rochko, offers this update following  an exciting month that found the distributed social network software suddenly discovered and (it seems) accepted by people around the world. How accepted? "At the time of writing, the Mastodon network includes more than 486,767 users spread out among more than a 1,212 instances." Now we have to expect that a certain number of users are just test users, but his Patreon support also went from $700 to $3000 a month in April, which is significant as well. 

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How to Thrive: Arianna Huffington Launches E-Learning Series

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Wed, 04/26/2017 - 18:35

Lisa Tolin, NBC News, Apr 28, 2017

I thought at first that this might be a venture like Huffington Post, but when you follow from the press release  to the online course pages  you will see that it's hosted on LinkedIn Learning. There's a link to a free preview, but don't. Just don't. LinkedIn Learning is really expensive, and a one-hour Arianna Huffington course on 'discovering meditation and sleep' does not increase its value by any appreciable amount. LinkedIn also owns Lynda, another expensive monthly-subscription course site. Both are owned by Microsoft.

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Categories: Miscellaneous

What is Open Pedagogy?

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Tue, 04/25/2017 - 19:04

Maha Bali, Reflecting Allowed, Apr 28, 2017

This is a link to a video conference on open pedagogy hosted by Maha Bali and including a number of the people talking recently about this topic (but by no means all, nor from all perspectives). Some of the related resources:

Some thoughts gleaned from the conversation: first, there  needs to be a recognition that 'open' applies here to more than just pedagogy and more than just the classroom. And there's a role here for 'open conversations' above mere content and resources. There are many ways to be open, and we have to ask why people are trying to define 'open pedagogy' (or 'open practices'). And there's a big difference between openness as granting permissions, recognizing freedoms, or making invitations.

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New bill seeks to turn universities into industrial hubs

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Tue, 04/25/2017 - 17:00


Kudzai Mashininga, University World News, Apr 25, 2017

This is Development Minister Jonathan Moyo speaking to Zimbabwe’ s state media: "We need radical transformation from our institutions of higher learning. They must move from being certificate-giving universities, to industry-creating hubs because universities must be drivers of the economy. It’ s time to rethink our universities and change their role." There are many different strands of this story - Zimbabwe's economic collapse, Mugabe, issues of academic freedom, diploma mills, privatization, etc. It's every issue rolled into one. Image: HIT.

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Categories: Miscellaneous

Is Your Edtech Product a Refrigerator or Washing Machine?

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Tue, 04/25/2017 - 17:00


Julia Fisher, Larry Cuban on School Reform, Classroom Practice, Apr 25, 2017

I like the analogy presented in this post because it makes it clear (in a way the Gartner hype cycle does not) that different technologies are adopted very differently. But  Julia Fisher takes it a step further, suggesting that some technologies are adopted more swiftly because they are a better fit for existing conditions. This analogy, though, presumes that new technologies must 'plug in' to existing consitions: the home, in the case of appliances, or the school, in the case of ed tech. Yet from my perspective ed tech has had its greatest impact  outside school, and doesn't need to be plugged in at all.

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Categories: Miscellaneous

Education as Self-formation

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Tue, 04/25/2017 - 17:00


Stephen Ball, The BERA Blog, Apr 25, 2017

What do you get when you combine education and Foucault? For Stephen Ball, it's a type of learning as self-care. "education, the teacher and pedagogy are articulated not as skills and knowledges but as the formation of moral subjectivity, a form of politics, and a relation to ethics rather than to truth. This is not liberation but activation." I can't say I agree with this perspective, but I do see in it reflections of things like the duty of care and new feminist epistemologies.

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The Omidyar Network and the (Neoliberal) Future of Education

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Tue, 04/25/2017 - 17:00


Audrey Watters, Hack Education, Apr 25, 2017

I want to say at the outset that this is excellent work and that I encourage Audrey Watters to keep digging into this subject. Having said that, I want to suggest a realignment of focus. Her focus is on the origin and purpose of funding for "companies and organizations that work in and around education technology." But  everyone is investing in technology. What characterizes these companies is not their investment in technology, it's their investment in entrepreneurship and privatization. There is a lot of good work happening in educational technology being done by people working to achieve social and economic equity. Let's not lump those people in with the red-in-tooth-and-claw neoliberals.

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Categories: Miscellaneous

Heresy?

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Tue, 04/25/2017 - 17:00


zudensachen, Apr 25, 2017

This post raises the question of whether "what works" really reduces to "what can be measured", and whether the maximization of "cleverness" is replacing other (and possibly more significant) aspects of education. For example, "setting by ability means setting by socio-economic group, and there isn’ t very much mobility between these groups." So maybe the question of  social mobility should be regarded as equally important, even if more difficult to assess. "To ask the question about what our educational aims really are is to raise the possibility that there might be good reasons for preferring and applying mixed ability teaching even if, in terms of the maximisation of cleverness, we had established that it did not ‘ work’ as well as setting." Via Doug Belshaw.

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Categories: Miscellaneous

How We Know

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Tue, 04/25/2017 - 17:00


noreply@blogger.com (Stephen Downes), Half an Hour, Apr 25, 2017

It's like recognizing a person. Your mother walks through the train station and you pick her out of the crowd. This recognition is not based on any particular rule or principle, not based on any essential features, not based on any inferential process.

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Spying on Students: School-Issued Devices and Student Privacy

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Tue, 04/25/2017 - 17:00


Frida Alim, Nate Cardozo, Gennie Gebhart, Karen Gullo, Amul Kalia, Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), Apr 25, 2017

The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF)  has released a longish (49 page PDF) on student privacy. The report (like the EFF) is mostly focused in the United States. After noting that students and schools "are using technology in the classroom at an unprecedented rate" the EFF reports that "educational technology services often collect far more information on kids than is necessary and store this information indefinitely." Additionally., "We investigated the 152 ed tech services that survey respondents reported were in use in classrooms in their community, and found that their privacy policies were lacking in encryption, data retention, and data sharing policies."

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