Miscellaneous

The L&D Global Sentiment Survey

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Fri, 06/08/2018 - 16:48

Donald H. Taylor, Jun 11, 2018

Donald Taylor's report (27 page PDF) asks "What do you think will be hot in L&D in 2018?" The top three responses were personalization/adaptive delivery (11.9%), collaborative/social learning (10.1%), and artificial intelligence (9.0%). I guess a lot of what constitutes 'hot' depends on your perspective, because these three barely move the needle for me. Even Taylor writes, "personalization/adaptive delivery remains top of the table – but for how long?" He devotes a page to 'microlearning', which has become more popular since 2015. And the wordle features 'xAPI' and 'data' over other options. Ultimately, though, he suggests that 2018 might be the year of AI.

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Simulation based education and expansive learning in health professional education: A discussion

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Fri, 06/08/2018 - 14:15

Rob Burton, Angela Hope, Journal of Applied Learning & Teaching, Jun 11, 2018

This paper (10 page PDF) offers a brief history of the use of simulation in education and then looks at its use specifically in health professional education. Simulation Based Education (SBE) is then discussed in the light of Engeström's theory of Expansive Learning, which the authors argue "can be utilised to theoretically and philosophically underpin the integration of SL into curricula, and ultimately into practice, therefore creating a process which breaks down the traditional boundaries between classroom learning and the reality of practical experiences within actual clinical environments." Note that this paper is from the first issue (Volume 1, Number 1) of the Journal of Applied Learning & Teaching (JALT).

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Technology engagement for academics in third level: Utilising the technological, pedagogical and content knowledge framework (TPACK)

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Fri, 06/08/2018 - 13:56

Orna O'Brien, Matt Glowatz, Journal of Applied Learning & Teaching, Jun 11, 2018

This article (12 page PDF) evaluates the use of the technological, pedagogical and content knowledge framework (TPACK) in academic learning contexts. The framework suggests that all three types of knowledge (ie., technological, pedagogical or content knowledge) may be needed in a given learning environment, and it is the role of the instructor to select and balance those. The authors suggest that "the current framework does not sufficiently account for the lecturer knowledge of students’ cultural backgrounds, their knowledge of student profiles and demographics of different student cohorts. This knowledge, depicted by the authors as 'craft knowledge' appears to mitigate against, say, a lack of technological knowledge.

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Connectively Full From First @ontarioextend Extended Lunch

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Thu, 06/07/2018 - 21:05

Alan Levine, CogDogBlog, Jun 10, 2018

One thing I'll be watching closely after tofay's election in Ontario is the future of eCampus Ontario. I most certainly hope their good work is able to continue. So on to the link: Alan Levine describes his first Ontario Extend Extended Lunch conversation. Example: " Laura is thinking (in public on her blog) about how to incorporate student blogging into an upcoming research class she is teaching– see #BSN4416 Plans: Engaging, Ungrading, and Empowering — and give her some good comment feedback, please."

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Using Telepresence Robots to Support Students Facing Adversity

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Thu, 06/07/2018 - 21:01

Doris Cheung, Tarah Dykeman, Courtney Fell, EDUCAUSE Review, Jun 10, 2018

At first I thought this was the sort of idea that was a very bad idea, something along the lines of replacing human advisors with bots. But this is actually the much more practical suggestion of attaching telepresence devices (ie., screens with our gfaces, cameras and speakers) to devices that can move around (ie., robots). The article describes some good experimentation with this technology. And I think we as a tech community need to get our terminology sorted out, because nobody knows what we mean by 'robots' any more.

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How Do Objects Connect to the Internet of Things?

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Thu, 06/07/2018 - 20:55

Kenneth Evans, ReadWrite, Jun 10, 2018

This article is written at a medium level of technical detail, which means it contains more actual information than most Internet of Things (IoT) articles, but you're not going to be lost reading equations and mathematical formulae. Consider this article in relation to the Doc Searls article. Can we connect things to the internet in such a way that they become the conduit for message exchange? What would that look like? Most of our current thinking (including this article) around the IoT is based on a fairly traditional understanding of internet connectivity and addressing. But what if all that's about to change...?

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How to Create a Reskilling Environment

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Thu, 06/07/2018 - 20:48

Wendy Wickham, In the Middle of the Curve, Jun 10, 2018

This is advice that could apply to learning generally, and certainly professional development and workplace learning. Wendy Wickham writes, "Reskilling is NOT about providing a library of online tutorials. Reskilling is NOT about providing courses. Or training. Or any of those other singular events. Reskilling is about developing new skills and knowledge to allow you to bring more value to the world." In a sense, this is a redefinition of the proceses based on benefits or (less ideal;ly)

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What’s wrong with bots is they’re not ours

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Thu, 06/07/2018 - 20:40

Doc Searls, Jun 10, 2018

That's probably not all that's wrong with bots, but it's certainly part of the problem. After all, the reason why it's creepy if a bot is listening to your conversation is that it belongs to Amazon or Apple or whomever. And the key question o ask, as Searls does here, is "Why didn’t we get bots of our own?" What we needed were bots that help us communicate with companies, but what we got were bots that allow companies to blast messages to us. Advertising. To fix this, Searls proposes a bot network based on the 'pico'. " The current code for this is called Wrangler. It’s open source and in Github. For the curious, Phil Windley explains how picos work in Reactive Programming With Picos."

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Three Things I Learned from Teaching Happiness

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Wed, 06/06/2018 - 21:01

Discovery Education, Jun 09, 2018

Related to the Wil Wheaton post (keeping in mind that 'happiness' is not the opposite of, nor the cure for, depression and anxiety). So what are the three things? First, "The first mistake that people make is equating happiness, the overarching quality of life, with the temporary enjoyment we feel in response to something pleasurable." Second, "people enjoy what they are doing more if they are focused on what they are doing, right when they are doing it" (the thing I really enjoy about giving talks is that they uniquely allow me to be in the moment as I speak). Third, "it takes commitment to strengthen and reclaim the function of our core “pro-social” demeanor—to learn skills around trust, reconciliation, and teamwork." The idea that these are skills - not innate amibilities - is key. So is the idea of reclaiming the ability to do them after a major setback.

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Concept Maps in the Trenches

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Wed, 06/06/2018 - 20:56

Geoff Cain, Brainstorm in Progress, Jun 09, 2018

I like concept maps - I used to make huge ones when I was a student - but they're the sort of thing that I think has never really made the transition to digital media. I think they just need bigger screens. And pencils, maybe. Geoff Cain: "I find myself thinking over and over again, quarter after quarter, semester after semester, how import tools like free writing, drawing, and concept maps are to thinking. However, I find that not all tools are created equal – especially when used in the wild." He lists a few: C-Map Tools, Inspiration, Lucid Chart, and CMap Cloud. Be sure to have a look at the slides at the bottom of the article.

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Release of Ed-Fi Data Standard 3.0 and ODS / API 3.0

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Wed, 06/06/2018 - 20:50

Ed-Fi Alliance, Jun 09, 2018

The actual headline is a lot wordier and has too many adjectives, but this is a press release and for some reason press release writers have never learned to communicate in ordinary English. The release marks the release of the most recent Ed Fi data standard. This is a data model that covers the description of everything in schools from assessments to school attendance to bell schedules.

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This Chrome Extension Makes GitHub Look Like Windows XP

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Wed, 06/06/2018 - 20:46

Justin Pot, How-To Geek, Jun 09, 2018

In honour of the very odd pairing of Microsoft with Git, where's a Chrome extension that makes Github look like Windows XP. As to the developing story, "Some people believe Microsoft really has changed, but others are skeptical. Whatever your take on the situation I think we can all agree that XP’s color scheme makes Github look way better."

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My name is Wil Wheaton. I Live With Chronic Depression and Generalized Anxiety. I Am Not Ashamed.

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Wed, 06/06/2018 - 17:04

Wil Wheaton, Medium, Jun 09, 2018

This has nothing to do with education (except for the very sensible advice to teachers that sometimes children are very anxious and afraid, even if they seem to be really bright and outgoing). But it's the sort of thing that should be said and should be read, and because Wil Wheaton is the sort of person who has tried to do good with his 'lowest life difficulty' setting, I'm posting it here. It's a good article and worth reading.

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Walmart Chooses Three Colleges Where Its Employees Can Study For $1 a Day

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Wed, 06/06/2018 - 16:47

Jeffrey R. Young, EdSurge, Jun 09, 2018

This article describes the latest in "an arms race by large retail chains to offer education benefits...  service-industry employers have started or expanded programs to offer free or greatly-discounted tuition to all of their employees, often delivered in an online format." The spokespeople in the article take pains to say there's no watering down of standards that results from this association (of course, though, it works out well for Walmart if the university denies the employees admission).

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Instructional Strategies That Respond to Global Learners’ Needs in Massive Open Online Courses

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Tue, 06/05/2018 - 20:09

Trang Phan, online learning, Jun 08, 2018

The first thing you need to dfo in a paper like this is identify the needs. These were organized into  three themes: language, content, and engagement. So far so good., Then they asked a few professors and instructional designers what sort of strategies they employed. Techniques described by the 1`5 participants included subtitles, multiple discussion venues, meet-and-greet, teaching assistants, and Power Point study guides. The instructors were "surprised at the tremendous volume of diversity among the population in regard to their age; their language, cultural, ethnic, and educational background; and their patterns of engagement in the course. The paper wasn't bad and happily stayed away from quantitative analysis, happily, but I felt it covered ground that has already been very well covered in the past.

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Do Student-Produced Videos Enhance Engagement and Learning in the Online Environment

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Tue, 06/05/2018 - 19:28

Denise Stanley, Jenny Zhang, online learning, Jun 08, 2018

This looks from the title like it would be an interesting paper. Alas, the article (22 page PDF) based on a study of 113 managerial economics students misses the interesting questions and instead goes down the demographics rabbit-hole. I don't care whether the students are Hispanic; I do care whether they've ever had any video production experience (because if they haven't, that would really distract from the learning they might otherwise do). This also shows why the language used in the article is just wrong. The authors frequently refer to the "treatment and control sections". This isn't medicine. You're not doing drug trials. Things like context, previous experience, motivation and measurement matter. Research in education will not progress (and, indeed, will succeed only in misleading) if approached as though education is the cure for some disease.

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Microsoft to acquire GitHub for $7.5 billion

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Mon, 06/04/2018 - 23:32

Microsoft, Jun 07, 2018

This is an announcement that will send shockwaves through the developer community. Here's the promise (we'll see if it's actually kept): " GitHub will retain its developer-first ethos and will operate independently to provide an open platform for all developers in all industries. Developers will continue to be able to use the programming languages, tools and operating systems of their choice for their projects — and will still be able to deploy their code to any operating system, any cloud and any device."

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The Pedagogy of Digital Discussion

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Mon, 06/04/2018 - 19:23

Eric Sheninger, A Principal's Reflections, Jun 07, 2018

Many years ago I was in a discussion when I observed a person makinhg a contribuition based very clearly on one of these 'discussion strategies'. She had made the contribution because it was an interaction strategy, and not because it moved the conversation forward in any meaningful way. That's why I'm hestitant to unequivocally endorse the table of such strategies in this article. It's good to have the tools, yes, but using a tool needs to have a purpose; otherwise you're just hammering.

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Harnessing the Collective Intelligence of Humans and Machines

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Mon, 06/04/2018 - 19:14

Irving Wladawsky-Berger, Jun 07, 2018

This is an overview of Thomas Malone's book Superminds: The Surprising Power of People and Computers Thinking Together. Malone clearly builds on concepts like collective intelligence and the wisdom of crowds, defining a supermind as “a group of individuals acting in ways that seem intelligent.”  The interesting twist here is that the individuals in question might be both humans and computers. The machines undertake tasks requiring 'specialized intelligence' while humans undertake tasks requiring 'general intelligence'. “For the foreseeable future, therefore, there is another way of using IT that will be even more important than just creating better AI: creating groups of people and computers that, together, are far more collectively intelligent than was ever possible before,” writes Malone.

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Continuous Learning & Development; more than just continuous training

Stephen Downes' OLDaily - Mon, 06/04/2018 - 19:06

Jane Hart, Learning in the Social Workplace, Jun 07, 2018

This article is mostly a plug for a workshop (which makes me wonder whether running online workshops would be a viable source of income). I'm linking to it specifically to point to the continuous leadning framework document (1 page PDF) that comes with the article. It divides the field into "personal and professional learning" on the one hand and "workplace learning" on the other. Both of these subdivide into further categories, but all of them are ways people can learn continuously. T

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